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Ethics Committee
This committee's purpose is to encourage the use of the Society's Code of Ethics, which promotes the highest professional standards for journalists of all disciplines. Public concerns are often answered by this committee. It also acts as a spotter for reporting trends in the nation, accumulating case studies of jobs well done under trying circumstances.

Ethics Committee chair

Kevin Z. Smith
Deputy Director
Kiplinger Program in Public Affairs Journalism
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) Kevin Z. Smith has been a member of the SPJ ethics committee for 20 years. He is a contributing author to two of SPJ's Doing Ethics in Journalism case study books. He is the co-author of SPJ's 1993 Ethics Manual, a guide for developing better ethical discussions and practices in newsrooms. He served as chairman of the ethics committee from 1995-97 when the Code was revised by the committee. He is serving his fifth year as committee chairman. He is a former president of SPJ (09-10) and a former member of the national and executive boards (06-11). He has been a member of the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation since 2007. He has been a regular speaker, panelist and lecturer on journalism ethics and delivered talks around the United States and abroad since 1990.

Smith currently serves as a journalism lecturer at the University of Dayton (Ohio). He worked in community newspapers in West Virginia for 15 years before becoming a college professor. He has taught at West Virginia University, Miami Univeristy (Ohio), Fairmont State University (W.Va.) and James Madison University (Va.). In 2009 he was named a Distinguished Mountaineer by the governor of West Virginia, the highest honor bestow upon a citizen of the state. The award came largely from his work with SPJ and journalism ethics.


Fred Brown, vice chair
2862 S. Oakland Ct.
Aurora, Colo., 80014
303/829-4647
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Fred Brown is a former national president of SPJ (1997-98) and is very active on its ethics committee. He writes a column on ethics for Quill magazine and served on the committee that wrote the Society’s 1996 code of ethics.

Brown officially retired from The Denver Post in early 2002, but continues to write a Sunday editorial page column for the newspaper. He also does analysis for Denver’s NBC television station, teaches communication ethics at the University of Denver, and is a principal in Hartman & Brown, LLP, a media training and consulting firm. He has won several awards for writing and community service, including a Sigma Delta Chi Award for editorial writing in 1988. He is an Honor Alumnus of Colorado State University, a member of the Denver Press Club Hall of Fame, and serves on the boards of directors of Colorado Public Radio, the Colorado Freedom of Information Council and the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation.



SPJ Ethics
Committee Members


Lauren Bartlett
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Lauren Bartlett is currently a Director at Large for the Society of Professional Journalists, chairs the national Communications Committee and is a member of the Ethics Committee and the Finance Committee.
Lauren was a three-time president of SPJ’s Greater Los Angeles chapter. Lauren works in media relations at Southern California Edison and previously worked in media relations at UCLA, her alma mater.

Before joining UCLA in 2000, Lauren was a reporter in Los Angeles for 12 years, the last 10 of which were at the Los Angeles Daily Journal, the country’s largest daily legal affairs newspaper.

Lauren’s professional career began when she was a junior in high school and wrote a weekly column for the Contra Costa Sun. In her senior year of high school she reported for the Contra Costa Times. While attending UCLA she interned at the Los Angeles Times, the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner and Copley News Service.

Upon graduation Lauren worked at the Los Angeles bureau of The Associated Press and City News Service, a regional wire service, before joining the Daily Journal.

Lauren was honored in 2011 with a President’s Award for distinguished service to the Society. In 2001, she was honored with the Howard S. Dubin Outstanding Pro Member Award for her contributions to the SPJ Greater Los Angeles chapter and Region 11. She has been a member of the SPJ/LA Board of Directors since 1996.


Elizabeth Donald
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Elizabeth Donald has been a reporter with the News-Democrat for over a decade. She is a mobile reporter covering Madison County, with an emphasis on city government, education and the environment. She is the News-Democrat's liaison to the Latino Roundtable of Southwestern Illinois, author of several fiction novels and writes CultureGeek, the News-Democrat's pop-culture blog.

A graduate of the University of Tennessee, Donald is a frequent guest lecturer at local universities on the practical applications of journalism ethics and the changing nature of newspapers in the 21st century. She has won multiple awards and currently serves as vice president of the St. Louis Society of Professional Journalists.


Mike Farrell
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Mike Farrell serves as director of the Scripps Howard First Amendment Center at the University of Kentucky and as an associate professor in the School of Journalism and Telecommunications. He began teaching as an adjunct in 1980 at Northern Kentucky University, continued as a graduate teaching assistant at UK in 1996, and has been a full-time faculty member there since 2000. He won the college teaching award in 2006.

He teaches reporting, media ethics, media law, journalism history, editing, media law, covering religion news and column writing.

He was a reporter, city editor and managing editor during a 20-year career at The Kentucky Post.

A native of Northern Kentucky, he earned his undergraduate degree at Moody Bible Institute, Chicago. He earned his master's and doctoral degrees at UK, where he focused on media law. He is a member of the Bluegrass Chapter and co-adviser of the UK student chapter of SPJ.


Paul Fletcher
Publisher & Editor-in-Chief
Virginia Lawyers Media
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) Paul Fletcher has been publisher and editor-in-chief at Virginia Lawyers Weekly in Richmond, Va., since 1989.

He joined the newspaper the previous year as news editor, after practicing law in Southwest Virginia for three years.

A graduate of the Washington & Lee University law school, he earned his undergraduate degree at the College of William & Mary and an M.A. in English from Emory University.

Paul has been a member of SPJ for 20 years and currently serves as president of the Virginia Pro chapter, having won reelection to a second term in June 2012.

He has won a number of journalism awards, including honors for editorial and feature writing.

He has been serving as interim publisher of Michigan Lawyers Weekly, based in suburban Detroit, since August 2012.


Irwin Gratz
207/874-6570
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Irwin Gratz has been in radio news for nearly 30 years. He worked as a reporter, anchor and News Director for the number-one rated commercial station in Portland, Maine before going to work for public radio in 1992 as local anchor of “Morning Edition.”

A native of New York City, Irwin holds a Masters Degree in journalism from New York University. He has taught a college course on media ethics and has been a guest lecturer on journalism ethics and broadcast news writing.

Irwin has been a member of the Society of Professional Journalists since 1983 and has held positions as a state chapter president, a member of its national board and was the Society’s national President in 2004 and 2005.

Irwin lives outside of Portland, Maine with his wife and young son.


Hagit Limor
Investigative Reporter
WCPO-TV
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Hagit Limor’s other experience with SPJ includes stints as National President; National President-Elect; National Secretary-Treasurer; National Membership Committee; National Finance Committee Chair; current National Legal Defense Fund Committee chair; National Chair of Executive Director Search Committee; Board Member of the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation; and Greater Cincinnati Pro Chapter President, membership chairman and current chapter treasurer.

Outside of SPJ, she serves in dual roles as a professor at the University of Cincinnati's Electronic Media Department and as WXIX-TV's Emmy and national award-winning investigative reporter. Her abilities as a writer and reporter have garnered Hagit more than 100 national, state and local awards, including ten Emmy awards, a National Headliner Award, three national Sigma Delta Chi Awards and as a national finalist with the Investigative Reporters and Editors Association.

Hagit received bachelor's and master's degrees in journalism from the Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University.


Jim Pumarlo
Director of communications, Minnesota Chamber of Commerce
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Jim Pumarlo spent 27 years working at small daily newspapers in International Falls and Red Wing, Minn. He served as editor of the Red Wing Republican Eagle for 21 years. He resigned in December 2003 and currently is director of communications at the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce, the state’s largest business advocacy organization. He can be contacted at www.pumarlo.com.

He released a book in January 2005, “Bad News and Good Judgment: A Guide to Reporting on Sensitive Issues in a Small-Town Newspaper,” which was published by Marion Street Press in Chicago. His second book, Votes and Quotes: A Guide to Outstanding Election Campaign Coverage,” was released in May 2007.

He remains active in the newspaper industry through his consulting and speaking. He is involved in the Minnesota Newspaper Association as a member of its Journalism Education and Legislative committees. He is past president of the Minnesota Newspaper Foundation Board of Directors. He also is past chairman of the Premack Board which oversees the Frank Premack Public Affairs Journalism Award competition, one of Minnesota’s most coveted and celebrated journalism honors in public affairs reporting. He serves on the hearing panel for the Minnesota News Council, which promotes fair, vigorous and trusted journalism by engaging the news media and the public in examining standards of fairness.


Andrew Seaman
Bio (click to expand) Andrew is a medical journalist for Reuters Health in New York. Before coming to Reuters Health, he was a Kaiser Media Fellow at Reuters’s Washington, D.C. bureau, where he covered the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

In 2011, Andrew graduated from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism, where he studied investigative journalism as a Stabile Fellow and was named “Student of the Year.” Andrew also graduated with his B.A. from Wilkes University in 2011.

He’s won numerous awards throughout his short career, including being named a 2010 Tom Bigler Scholar for ethical standards in journalism, the 2009 Robert D.G. Lewis First Amendment Award, the 2009 and the Arthur H. Barlow National Student Journalist of the Year Award.


Home > Ethics > SPJ Code of Ethics > Zdruzenje poklicnih novinarjev Eticni Kodeks

Zdruzenje poklicnih novinarjev Eticni Kodeks

Preambula
Clani Zdruzenja poklicnih novinarjev verjamejo, da je obvescenost javnosti predhodnica pravice in osnova demokracije. Naloga novinarjev je, da podpirajo ta dva cilja tako, da iscejo resnico in podajajo posteno in celotno sliko dogodkov in zadev. Vestni novinarji vseh vrst medijev in podrocij streme za tem, da sluzijo javnosti z natancnostjo in postenostjo. Profesionalna neoporecnost je temelj kredibilnosti novinarja. Clane Zdruzenja druzi predanost moralnemu obnasanju in sprejemajo ta kodeks, ki doloca nacela in pravila o nacinu dela.


Iskanje resnice in porocanje o njej
Novinarji morajo biti posteni, pravicni in pogumni pri zbiranju, porocanju in interpretaciji informacij.

Novinar mora:

—Preveriti tocnost informacije pri vseh virih in biti previden, da se tako izogne nenamernim napakam. Namerno popacenje dejstev ni dovoljeno v nobenem primeru.
— Biti vztrajen pri iskanju oseb, ki se pojavljajo v novicah, in jim dati moznost odgovora na navedbe o njihovih prestopkih.
— Navesti vire, kadar je to mogoce. Javnost ima pravico dobiti kolikor je mogoce veliko informacij o zanesljivosti vira informacije.
— Vedno vprasati vir po razlogih, preden mu obljubi anonimnost. Tocno dolociti pogoje povezane s kakrsnokoli obljubo, dano v zameno za informacijo. Drzati obljubo.
— Zagotoviti, da naslovov, podnaslovov, reklamnega gradiva, fotografij, video in avdio materialov, risb, zvocnih zapisov in dobesednih navedkov ne bo mogoce napacno interpretirati. Ne sme niti prevecpoenostavljati niti poudarjati dogodkov ali okoliscin izven konteksta.
— Nikoli ne sme popaciti casopisne fotografije ali video posnetka. Povecava slike zaradi tehnicne jasnosti je vedno dovoljena. Fotomontaze in foto ilustracije je treba oznaciti.
— Izogibati se zavajujocim ozivljanjem dogodkov in insceniranih dogodkov. ce je ponovna aktualizacija nujna za zgodbo, je to treba navesti.
— Izogibati se skrivnim ali drugim nedovoljenim metodam zbiranja podatkov, razen kadar informacije, ki je vitalnega pomena za javnost, ni mogoce dobiti s tradicionalnimi metodami. Uporabo taksnih metod je treba obrazloziti v sami zgodbi.
— Nikoli ne sme napraviti plagiata.
— Pogumno povedati zgodbo o razlicnosti in obsegu cloveskega dozivljanja, tudi ce to ni priljubljeno.
— Zavedati se svojih kulturnih vrednot in se izogibati vsiljevanju le-teh drugim.
— Izogibati se rasnim, spolnim, starostnim, verskim, etnicnim in geografskim stereotipom ter stereotipom povezanim s spolnimi nagnjenji, invalidnostjo, fizicnim izgledom in socialnim polozajem.
— Podpirati odprto izmenjavo pogledov, tudi tistih, s katerimi se ne strinja.
— Dati besedo tistim, ki je nimajo; uradni in neuradni viri informacij imajo lahko enako veljavo.
— Razlikovati med zagovarjanjem in porocanjem. Analiza in komentar morata biti oznacena in ne smeta popaciti dejstev in vsebine.
— Lociti novico od oglasanja in se izogibati hibridom, ki brisejo meje med obema.
— Zavedati se, da je njegova dolznost tudi, da zagotovi, da je javnost seznanjena s tem, kako se vodijo javni posli, in da ima vpogled v vladne arhive.



Minimiziranje skode
Moralni novinarji obravnavajo vire, subjekte in kolege kot cloveska bitja, ki so vredna spostovanja.

Novinar mora:

—Pokazati socutje s tistimi, ki jih lahko prizadene neugodno medijsko porocanje. Posebno rahlocuten mora biti z otroci in neizkusenimi viri informacij in osebami o katerih poroca.
— Biti rahlocuten, kadar prosi ali objavi intervju ali fotografije ljudi, ki jih je doletela nesreca.
— Zavedati se, da zbiranje informacij in njihova objava lahko ljudem povzroci skodo ali jih spravi v neugoden polozaj. Iskanje novic novinarju ne daje pravice do arogance.
— Zavedati se, da imajo privatne osebe vecjo pravico do nadzora informacij, ki so objavljene o njih, kot javni usluzbenci in tisti, ki zele dobiti oblast in vpliv ter zbuditi pozornost. Samo izjemna javna potreba lahko opravici vdor v zasebnost neke osebe.
— Pokazati taktnost. Ne dovoliti, da ga zapelje nizkotna radovednost.
— Biti previden pri identificiranju mladoletnih osumljencev kriminalnih dejanj ali spolnih deliktov.
— Biti razsoden pri navajanju imen osumljencev pred uradno vlozitvijo obtoznice.
— Najti ravnotezje med osumljencevo pravico do pravicne sodbe in pravico javnosti do obvescenosti.



Neodvisno delo
Edini interes novinarjev mora biti pravica javnosti do obvescenosti.

Novinar mora:

— Izogibati se nasprotujocim se interesiom, resnicnim ali navideznim.
— Izogibati se zvezam in aktivnostim, ki bi lahko kompromitirale njegovo dobro ime ali skodovale verodostojnosti.
— Odreci se darilom, uslugam, nagradam, brezplacnim potovanjem in posebnemu tretmanu ter se izogibati dodatni zaposlitvi, aktivnosti v politiki, drzavnih uradih in sluzbah in javnih organizacijah, ce bi to lahko kompromitiralo njegovo neoporecnost.
— Razkriti neizogibne konflikte.
— Biti pazljiv in pogumen, ko gre za odgovornost vplivnih ljudi.
— Odkloniti poseben tretman oglasevalcem in posameznikom ali skupinam s posebnimi interesi ter se upreti njihovim poskusom, da bi vplivali na porocanje.
— Biti pazljiv pri virih, ki ponujajo informacije v zameno za usluge ali denar; izogibati se nudenju placila za novice.



Odgovornost
Novinarji odgovarjajo svojim bralcem, poslusalcem, gledalcem in drug drugemu.

Novinar mora:

—Razloziti in pojasniti porocanje in biti pripravljen na dialog z javnostjo glede novinarskega obnasanja.
— Spodbujati javnost, da izrazi svoje pritozbe v zvezi s porocanjem javnih obcil.
— Priznati napake in jih takoj popraviti.
— Razgaliti neetnicne postopke novinarjev in medijev.
— Drzati se istih visokih meril, ki jih zahteva od drugih.



Svoj prvi eticni kodeks si je Zdruzenje poklicnih novinarjev sposodilo od Ameriskega drustva casopisnih urednikov leta 1926. Clani Zduzenja so lastni kodeks napisali leta 1973 in ga dopolnili leta 1984 in 1987. Sedanji kodeks je bil sprejet na nacionalni konvenciji septembra 1996.

Translation by Lojzka Iskra in Ljubljana, Slovenia: September 1999.

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