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Ethics Committee

Code Words: SPJ’s Ethics Committee Blog
– #Pointergate Revisited
– Some Points on #Pointergate
– The Intersection of Communication History

Ethics Committee
This committee's purpose is to encourage the use of the Society's Code of Ethics, which promotes the highest professional standards for journalists of all disciplines. Public concerns are often answered by this committee. It also acts as a spotter for reporting trends in the nation, accumulating case studies of jobs well done under trying circumstances.

Ethics Committee chair

Andrew Seaman
Email
@andrewmseaman
Bio (click to expand) Andrew is a medical journalist for Reuters Health in New York. Before coming to Reuters Health, he was a Kaiser Media Fellow at Reuters’s Washington, D.C. bureau, where he covered the implementation of the Affordable Care Act.

In 2011, Andrew graduated from Columbia University’s Graduate School of Journalism, where he studied investigative journalism as a Stabile Fellow and was named “Student of the Year.” Andrew also graduated with his B.A. from Wilkes University in 2011.

He’s won numerous awards throughout his short career, including being named a 2010 Tom Bigler Scholar for ethical standards in journalism, the 2009 Robert D.G. Lewis First Amendment Award, the 2009 and the Arthur H. Barlow National Student Journalist of the Year Award.


Monica Guzman, vice chair
Email
@moniguzman
Bio (click to expand) Monica is a Sunday columnist for The Seattle Times and a weekly columnist for GeekWire, covering issues in digital life. She was a juror for the 2014 Pulitzer Prizes, serves on the National Advisory Board for the Poynter Institute and contributed the closing chapter, “Community As an End,” to the 2013 Poynter book “The New Ethics of Journalism: Principles for the 21st Century.” From 2007 to 2010, Monica launched and ran the innovative Big Blog at the Seattle Post-Intelligencer and seattlepi.com, complementing news and culture coverage with weekly reader meetups. From 2010 to 2012 she developed user communities for Seattle startups like Intersect, Trover and Glympse before kicking off her Times column.

A member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Shapers community, Monica emcees the popular quarterly community speaker series Ignite Seattle and is assisting the American Press Institute with a newsroom innovation project. Monica served on the ethics code revision task force and is an active member of the Western Washington Pro chapter of SPJ. She is currently serving as chapter president.


SPJ Ethics
Committee Members


Lauren Bartlett
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Lauren Bartlett is currently a Director at Large for the Society of Professional Journalists, chairs the national Communications Committee and is a member of the Ethics Committee and the Finance Committee.
Lauren was a three-time president of SPJ’s Greater Los Angeles chapter. Lauren works in media relations at Southern California Edison and previously worked in media relations at UCLA, her alma mater.

Before joining UCLA in 2000, Lauren was a reporter in Los Angeles for 12 years, the last 10 of which were at the Los Angeles Daily Journal, the country’s largest daily legal affairs newspaper.

Lauren’s professional career began when she was a junior in high school and wrote a weekly column for the Contra Costa Sun. In her senior year of high school she reported for the Contra Costa Times. While attending UCLA she interned at the Los Angeles Times, the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner and Copley News Service.

Upon graduation Lauren worked at the Los Angeles bureau of The Associated Press and City News Service, a regional wire service, before joining the Daily Journal.

Lauren was honored in 2011 with a President’s Award for distinguished service to the Society. In 2001, she was honored with the Howard S. Dubin Outstanding Pro Member Award for her contributions to the SPJ Greater Los Angeles chapter and Region 11. She has been a member of the SPJ/LA Board of Directors since 1996.


Fred Brown
2862 S. Oakland Ct.
Aurora, Colo., 80014
303/829-4647
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Fred Brown is a former national president of SPJ (1997-98) and is very active on its ethics committee. He writes a column on ethics for Quill magazine and served on the committee that wrote the Society’s 1996 code of ethics.

Brown officially retired from The Denver Post in early 2002, but continues to write a Sunday editorial page column for the newspaper. He also does analysis for Denver’s NBC television station, teaches communication ethics at the University of Denver, and is a principal in Hartman & Brown, LLP, a media training and consulting firm. He has won several awards for writing and community service, including a Sigma Delta Chi Award for editorial writing in 1988. He is an Honor Alumnus of Colorado State University, a member of the Denver Press Club Hall of Fame, and serves on the boards of directors of Colorado Public Radio, the Colorado Freedom of Information Council and the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation.


Elizabeth Donald
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Elizabeth Donald has been a reporter with the News-Democrat for over a decade. She is a mobile reporter covering Madison County, with an emphasis on city government, education and the environment. She is the News-Democrat's liaison to the Latino Roundtable of Southwestern Illinois, author of several fiction novels and writes CultureGeek, the News-Democrat's pop-culture blog.

A graduate of the University of Tennessee, Donald is a frequent guest lecturer at local universities on the practical applications of journalism ethics and the changing nature of newspapers in the 21st century. She has won multiple awards and currently serves as vice president of the St. Louis Society of Professional Journalists.


Mike Farrell
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Mike Farrell serves as director of the Scripps Howard First Amendment Center at the University of Kentucky and as an associate professor in the School of Journalism and Telecommunications. He began teaching as an adjunct in 1980 at Northern Kentucky University, continued as a graduate teaching assistant at UK in 1996, and has been a full-time faculty member there since 2000. He won the college teaching award in 2006.

He teaches reporting, media ethics, media law, journalism history, editing, media law, covering religion news and column writing.

He was a reporter, city editor and managing editor during a 20-year career at The Kentucky Post.

A native of Northern Kentucky, he earned his undergraduate degree at Moody Bible Institute, Chicago. He earned his master's and doctoral degrees at UK, where he focused on media law. He is a member of the Bluegrass Chapter and co-adviser of the UK student chapter of SPJ.


Paul Fletcher
Publisher & Editor-in-Chief
Virginia Lawyers Media
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) Paul Fletcher has been publisher and editor-in-chief at Virginia Lawyers Weekly in Richmond, Virginia, since 1989. He joined the newspaper the previous year as news editor, after practicing law in Southwest Virginia for three years.

A graduate of the Washington & Lee University law school, he earned his undergraduate degree at the College of William & Mary and an M.A. in English from Emory University.

Fletcher has been a member of SPJ since 1992 and serves on the SPJ Ethics Committee. He is the immediate past president of the Virginia Pro chapter.

He has won a number of state and national journalism awards, including honors for editorial, feature and column writing.


Irwin Gratz
207/874-6570
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Irwin Gratz has been in radio news for nearly 30 years. He worked as a reporter, anchor and News Director for the number-one rated commercial station in Portland, Maine before going to work for public radio in 1992 as local anchor of “Morning Edition.”

A native of New York City, Irwin holds a Masters Degree in journalism from New York University. He has taught a college course on media ethics and has been a guest lecturer on journalism ethics and broadcast news writing.

Irwin has been a member of the Society of Professional Journalists since 1983 and has held positions as a state chapter president, a member of its national board and was the Society’s national President in 2004 and 2005.

Irwin lives outside of Portland, Maine with his wife and young son.


Hagit Limor
Investigative Reporter
WCPO-TV
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Hagit Limor’s experience with SPJ includes stints as National President; National President-Elect; National Secretary-Treasurer; National Membership Committee; National Finance Committee Chair; current National Legal Defense Fund Committee chair; National Chair of Executive Director Search Committee; Board Member of the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation; and Greater Cincinnati Pro Chapter President, membership chairman and current chapter treasurer.

Outside of SPJ, she serves in dual roles as a professor at the University of Cincinnati's Electronic Media Department and as WXIX-TV's Emmy and national award-winning investigative reporter. Her abilities as a writer and reporter have garnered Hagit more than 100 national, state and local awards, including ten Emmy awards, a National Headliner Award, three national Sigma Delta Chi Awards and as a national finalist with the Investigative Reporters and Editors Association. Hagit received bachelor's and master's degrees in journalism from the Medill School of Journalism, Northwestern University.


Jim Pumarlo
Director of communications, Minnesota Chamber of Commerce
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) picture Jim Pumarlo spent 27 years working at small daily newspapers in International Falls and Red Wing, Minn. He served as editor of the Red Wing Republican Eagle for 21 years. He resigned in December 2003 and currently is director of communications at the Minnesota Chamber of Commerce, the state’s largest business advocacy organization. He can be contacted at www.pumarlo.com.

He released a book in January 2005, “Bad News and Good Judgment: A Guide to Reporting on Sensitive Issues in a Small-Town Newspaper,” which was published by Marion Street Press in Chicago. His second book, Votes and Quotes: A Guide to Outstanding Election Campaign Coverage,” was released in May 2007.

He remains active in the newspaper industry through his consulting and speaking. He is involved in the Minnesota Newspaper Association as a member of its Journalism Education and Legislative committees. He is past president of the Minnesota Newspaper Foundation Board of Directors. He also is past chairman of the Premack Board which oversees the Frank Premack Public Affairs Journalism Award competition, one of Minnesota’s most coveted and celebrated journalism honors in public affairs reporting. He serves on the hearing panel for the Minnesota News Council, which promotes fair, vigorous and trusted journalism by engaging the news media and the public in examining standards of fairness.


Kevin Z. Smith
Deputy Director
Kiplinger Program in Public Affairs Journalism
E-mail
Bio (click to expand) Kevin Z. Smith has been a member of the SPJ ethics committee for 20 years. He is a contributing author to two of SPJ's Doing Ethics in Journalism case study books. He is the co-author of SPJ's 1993 Ethics Manual, a guide for developing better ethical discussions and practices in newsrooms. He served as chairman of the ethics committee from 1995-97 when the Code was revised by the committee. He is serving his fifth year as committee chairman. He is a former president of SPJ (09-10) and a former member of the national and executive boards (06-11). He has been a member of the Sigma Delta Chi Foundation since 2007. He has been a regular speaker, panelist and lecturer on journalism ethics and delivered talks around the United States and abroad since 1990.

Smith currently serves as a journalism lecturer at the University of Dayton (Ohio). He worked in community newspapers in West Virginia for 15 years before becoming a college professor. He has taught at West Virginia University, Miami Univeristy (Ohio), Fairmont State University (W.Va.) and James Madison University (Va.). In 2009 he was named a Distinguished Mountaineer by the governor of West Virginia, the highest honor bestow upon a citizen of the state. The award came largely from his work with SPJ and journalism ethics.

Home > Ethics > SPJ Code of Ethics > Sociedad de Periodistas Profesionales Codigo de Etica

Sociedad de Periodistas Profesionales Codigo de Etica

Preámbulo
Los miembros de la Sociedad de Periodistas Profesionales creen que la ilustración del público es precursora de la justicia y cimiento de la democracia. El deber del periodista es promover esos fines buscando la verdad y ofreciendo un recuento justo y completo de hechos y temas. Los periodistas concienzudos de todos los medios de información y especialidades se esfuerzan por servir al público cabalmente y con honestidad. La integridad profesional es la piedra angular de la credibilidad de un periodista.

Los miembros de la Sociedad comparten la dedicación a una conducta ética y adoptan este código para declarar los principios y normas de ejercicio de la Sociedad.


Busque la verdad y repórtela

Los periodistas deben ser honestos, justos y valerosos al buscar, reportar e interpretar la información.

Los periodistas deben:

— Comprobar la exactitud de la información de todas las fuentes y cuidarse del error. La distorsión deliberada es inadmisible.
— Buscar activamente a los protagonistas de la noticia para darles la oportunidad de responder a alegaciones de conducta impropia.
— dentificar sus fuentes siempre que sea factible. El público tiene derecho a toda la información posible sobre la confiabilidad de las fuentes.
— Cuestionar siempre los motivos de sus fuentes antes de prometar anonimato. Aclarar las condiciones de cualquier promesa hecha a cambo de información. Cumplir sus promesas.
— Cerciorarse de que los titulares, avances noticiosos y material de promoción, fotos, vídeos, materiales de audio, gráficos, fragmentos sonoros y citas no tergiversen los hechos. No deben simplificar o acentuar en exceso los incidentes fuera de contexto.
— No distorsionar nunca el contenido de fotos o vídeos noticiosos. Realzar imágenes por motivos de claridad técnica es siempre permisible. Identificar los montajes y las ilustraciones fotográficas.
— Evitar las escenificaciones engañosas o las noticias escenificadas. Si una escenificación es necesaria para trasmitir la noticia, identificarla como tal.
— Evitar los métodos encubiertos u otras formas subrepticias de buscar información, excepto cuando los métodos abiertos tradicionales no produzcan información vital para el público. El uso de dichos métodos debe explicarse en el articulo.
— No plagiar nunca.
— Relatar la diversidad y magnitud de la experiencia humana con valentía, aun cuando sea impopular hacerlo.
— Examinar sus propios valores culturales y evitar imponérselos a otros.
— Evitar los estereotipos de raza, sexo, edad, religión, grupo étnico, procedencia geográfica, orientación sexual, incapacidad, apariencia fisica o condición social.
— Apoyar un abierto intercambio de opiniones, incluso las que estimen repugnantes.
— Dar voz a los que no la tienen; las fuentes oficiales y extraoficiales de información pueden ser igualmente válidas.
— Distinguir entre abogar por una causa y reportar la noticia. Se debe identificar el análisis y el comentario y no tergiversar los hechos o su contexto.
— Distinguir entre noticia y publicidad y rechazar las formas híbridas que borran los límites entre las dos.
— Reconocer la obligación especial de asegurar que los asuntos públicos se conduzcan al descubierto y que los documentos gubernamentales estén sujetos a examen.



Minimice el perjuicio

Los periodistas con ética tratan a las fuentes, a los protagonistas de la noticia y a los colegas como seres humanos merecedores de respeto.

Los periodistas deben:

— Compadecerse de los que puedan ser afectados adversamente por la cobertura noticiosa. Mostrar una especial sensibilidad al tratar con niños y con fuentes o protagonistas de la noticia inexpertos.
— Mostrar sensibilidad al solicitar o utilizar entrevistas o fotos de personas afectadas por la tragedia o la desgracia.
— Reconocer que buscar o reportar información puede causar perjuicio o malestar. La búsqueda de la noticia no da permiso para la arrogancia.
— Reconocer que los particulares tienen mayor derecho a controlar la información sobre sí mismos que los funcionarios públicos y otras personas que buscan poder influencia o atención. Sólo una extraordinaria necesidad pública puede justificar la intromisión en la vida privada de alguien.
— Proceder con buen gusto. Evitar ceder a la curiosidad sensacionalista.
— Ser cautos en cuanto a identificar a sospechosos menores de edad o a víctimas de delitos sexuales.
— Ser juiciosos en cuanto a nombrar a los sospechosos de delitos antes de la formulación oficial de cargos.
— Contrapesar el derecho de un sospechoso de un delito a un juicio justo con el derecho del público a estar informado.



Actúe con independencia

Los periodistas no deben estar sujetos a más interés que el derecho del público a saber.

Los periodistas deben:

— Evitar conflictos de intereses, reales o aparentes.
— Estar libres de vínculos y actividades que puedan comprometer su integridad o perjudicar su credibilidad.
— Rechazar regalos, favores, pagos, viajes gratuitos y tratamiento especial, y evitar empleos secundarios, participación política, cargos públicos y el servicio en organizaciones comunitarias si comprometen la integridad periodística.
— Revelar los conflictos inevitables.
— Mostrarse alerta y valientes en cuanto a pedirles cuenta a los que ejercen el poder.
— Negarles trato de preferencia a anunciantes y personas con intereses particulares y rechazar sus presiones para influir en la cobertura noticiosa.
— Desconfiar de fuentes que ofrecen información a cambio de favores o dinero; evitar ofrecer pago por la noticia.



Sea responsible

Los periodistas son responsables ante sus lectores, oyentes, televidentas y colegas.

Los periodistas deben:

— Aclarar y explicar la cobertura noticiosa y promover el diálogo con el público acerca de la conducta periodística.
— Alentar al público a expresar sus quejas contra los medios informativos.
— Admitir los errores y corregirlos con prontitud.
— Poner al descubierto las faltas de ética en la conducta de periodistas y medios de información.
— Atenerse a las mismas normas elevadas que les exigen a otros.



El primer Código de Etica de Sigma Delta Chi fue tomado de la Sociedad Norteamericana de Editores de Periódicos en 1926. En 1973, Sigma Delta Chi redactó su propio código, que fue revisado en 1984 y 1987. La actual versión del Código de Etica de la Sociedad de Periodistas Profesionales fue adoptada en septiembre de 1996.

Traducido por Orlando Aloma del Miami Herald.

Copyright © 1996-2014 Society of Professional Journalists. All Rights Reserved. Legal

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