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5
It’s time to raise the shield!

Forty-nine states and the District of Columbia provide journalists with a “reporter’s privilege,” protecting them if a state government seeks to make him or her reveal confidential information, including the identity of a source. Some states have statutes, known as “shield laws,” and some provide the protection through case law.

There is absolutely no protection at the federal level. It’s time to pass a federal shield law. Learn more and pitch in right here.


The Bills
H.R.1962 — Free Flow of Information Act of 2013

S.987 — A bill to maintain the free flow of information to the public by providing conditions for the federally compelled disclosure of information by certain persons connected with the news media

Amended language for S.987 [Sept. 12, 2013]

Resources
Arguments in favor of the shield law
Shield law FAQ
History: The struggle since 2006
Quotable experts
Journalism groups backing a federal shield
RCFP guide to state shield laws [RCFP.org]

How you can help
Sample email messages and letters
Contact info for U.S. Senators

In the news
‘Covered Journalists’: Federal shield law language a good compromise
Freedom of the Prez: On shame and shield law
62 Civil Liberties, Press Freedom and Public Interest Groups Demand Answers on Targeting of Journalists
Protect reporters, and protect everyone
Counterpoint: Media deserve guarantee of federal shield law

FOI FYI Blog: Shield law posts




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Freedom of Information
About/History
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FOI FYI: SPJ’s FOI Committee Blog
– Must read FOI stories – 7/18/14
– FOIA should be proactive, not reactive
– Must read FOI stories – 7/11/14

FOI Committee
This committee is the watchdog of press freedoms across the nation. It relies upon a network of volunteers in each state organized under Project Sunshine. These SPJ members are on the front lines for assaults to the First Amendment and when lawmakers attempt to restrict the public's access to documents and the government's business. The committee often is called upon to intervene in instances where the media is restricted.

Home > Freedom of Information > Struggling to Report: Federal Shield Law > State-by-state directory of U.S. senators

State-by-state directory of U.S. senators

Alabama

Jeff Sessions (R-AL)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4124
State phone: (334) 244-7017
Email

Richard C. Shelby (R-AL)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5744
State phone: (205) 759-5047
Email


Alaska

Mark Begich (D-AK)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3004
State phone: (907) 271-5915
Email

Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6665
State phone: (907) 271-3735
Email


Arizona

Jeff Flake (R-AZ)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4521
State phone: (480) 833-0092
Email

John McCain (R-AZ)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2235
State phone: (602) 952-2410
Email


Arkansas

John Boozman (R-AR)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4843
State phone: (479) 725-0400
Email

Mark L. Pryor (D-AR)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2353
State phone: (501) 324-6336
Email


California

Barbara Boxer (D-CA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3553
State phone: (415) 403-0100
Email

Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3841
State phone: (415) 393-0707
Email


Colorado

Michael F. Bennet (D-CO)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5852
State phone: (303) 455-7600
Email

Mark Udall (D-CO)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5941
State phone: (303) 650-7820
Email


Connecticut

Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2823
State phone: (860) 258-6940
Email

Christopher Murphy (D-CT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4041
State phone: (617) 565-8519
Email


Delaware

Thomas R. Carper (D-DE)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2441
State phone: (302) 674-3308
Email

Christopher A. Coons (D-DE)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5042
State phone: (302) 573-6345
Email


Florida

Bill Nelson (D-FL)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5274
State phone: (888) 671-4091
Email

Marco Rubio (R-FL)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3041
State phone: (407) 254-2573
Email


Georgia

Saxby Chambliss (R-GA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3521
State phone: (770) 763-9090
Email

Johnny Isakson (R-GA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3643
State phone: (770) 661-0999
Email


Hawaii

Mazie K. Hirono(D-HI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6361
State phone: (808) 541-1986
Email

Brian Schatz (D-HI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3934
State phone: (808) 541-2542
Email


Idaho

Mike Crapo (R-ID)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6142
State phone: (208) 334-1776
Email

James E. Risch (R-ID)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2752
State phone: (208) 342-7985
Email


Illinois

Richard J. Durbin (D-IL)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2152
State phone: (312) 353-4952
Email

Mark Kirk (R-IL)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2854
State phone: (312) 886-3506
Email


Indiana

Daniel Coats (R-IN)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5623
State phone: (317) 554-0750
Email

Joe Donnelly (D-IN)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4814
State phone: (574) 288-2780
Email


Iowa

Chuck Grassley (R-IA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3744
State phone: (515) 288-1145
Email

Tom Harkin (D-IA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3254
State phone: (515) 284-4574
Email


Kansas

Jerry Moran (R-KS)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6521
State phone: (913) 393-0711
Email

Pat Roberts (R-KS)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4774
State phone: (913) 451-9343
Email


Kentucky

Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2541
State phone: (502) 582-6304
Email

Rand Paul (R-KY)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4343
State phone: (270) 782-8303
Email


Louisiana

Mary L. Landrieu (D-LA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5824
State phone: (504) 589-2427
Email

David Vitter (R-LA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4623
State phone: (337) 262-6898
Email


Maine

Susan M. Collins (R-ME)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2523
State phone: (207) 945-0417
Email

Angus S. King, Jr. (I-ME)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5344
State phone: (207) 786-2451
Email


Maryland

Benjamin L. Cardin (D-MD)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4524
State phone: (410) 962-4436
Email

Barbara A. Mikulski (D-MD)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4654
State phone: (410) 962-4510
Email


Massachusetts

Edward J. Markey (D-MA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2742
State phone: (617) 565-8519
Email

Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4543
State phone: (617) 565-3170
Email


Michigan

Carl Levin (D-MI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6221
State phone: (313) 226-6020
Email

Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4822
State phone: (517) 203-1760
Email


Minnesota

Al Franken (D-MN)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5641
State phone: (651) 221-1016
Email

Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3244
State phone: (612) 727-5220
Email


Mississippi

Thad Cochran (R-MS)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5054
State phone: (601) 965-4649
Email

Roger F. Wicker (R-MS)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6253
State phone: (601) 965-4644
Email


Missouri

Roy Blunt (R-MO)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5721
State phone: (417) 877-7814
Email

Claire McCaskill (D-MO)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6154
State phone: (816) 421-1639
Email

Montana

Max Baucus (D-MT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2651
State phone: (406) 657-6790
Email

Jon Tester (D-MT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2644
State phone: (406) 449-5401
Email


Nebraska

Deb Fischer (R-NE)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6551
State phone: (402) 391-3411
Email

Mike Johanns (R-NE)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4224
State phone: (402) 758-8981
Email


Nevada

Dean Heller (R-NV)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6244
State phone: (702) 388-6605
Email

Harry Reid (D-NV)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3542
State phone: (702) 388-5020
Email


New Hampshire

Kelly Ayotte (R-NH)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3324
State phone: (603) 622-7979
Email

Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2841
State phone: (603) 647-7500
Email


New Jersey

Cory A. Booker (D-NJ)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3224
State phone: (973) 639-8700
Email

Robert Menendez (D-NJ)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4744
State phone: (973) 645-3030
Email


New Mexico

Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5521
State phone: (502) 325-5030
Email

Tom Udall (D-NM)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6621
State phone: (505) 346-6791
Email


New York

Kirsten E. Gillibrand (D-NY)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4451
State phone: (212) 688-6262
Email

Charles E. Schumer (D-NY)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6542
State phone: (212) 486-4430
Email


North Carolina

Richard Burr (R-NC)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3154
State phone: (800) 685-8916
Email

Kay R. Hagan (D-NC)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6342
State phone: (336) 333-5311
Email


North Dakota

Heidi Heitkamp (D-ND)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2043
State phone: (701) 258-4648
Email

John Hoeven (R-ND)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2551
State phone: (701) 250-4618
Email


Ohio

Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2315
State phone: (216) 522-7272
Email

Rob Portman (R-OH)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3353
State phone: (614) 469-6774
Email


Oklahoma

Tom Coburn (R-OK)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5754
State phone: (918) 581-7651
Email

James M. Inhofe (R-OK)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4721
State phone: (918) 748-5111
Email


Oregon

Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3753
State phone: (503) 326-3386
Email

Ron Wyden (D-OR)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5244
State phone: (503) 326-7525
Email


Pennsylvania

Robert P. Casey, Jr. (D-PA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6324
State phone: (717) 231-7540
Email

Patrick J. Toomey (R-PA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4254
State phone: (215) 241-1090
Email


Rhode Island

Jack Reed (D-RI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4642
State phone: (401) 943-3100
Email

Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2921
State phone: (401) 453-5294
Email


South Carolina

Lindsey Graham (R-SC)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5972
State phone: (864) 250-1417
Email

Tim Scott (R-SC)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6121
State phone: (843) 852-2222
Email


South Dakota

Tim Johnson (D-SD)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5842
State phone: (605) 332-8896
Email

John Thune (R-SD)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2321
State phone: (605) 334-9596
Email


Tennessee

Lamar Alexander (R-TN)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4944
State phone: (615) 736-5129
Email

Bob Corker (R-TN)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3344
State phone: (423) 756-2757
Email


Texas

John Cornyn (R-TX)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2934
State phone: (512) 469-6034
Email

Ted Cruz (R-TX)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5922
State phone: (512) 916-5834
Email


Utah

Orrin G. Hatch (R-UT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5251
State phone: (801) 524-4380
Email

Mike Lee (R-UT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5444
State phone: (801) 524-5933
Email


Vermont

Patrick J. Leahy (D-VT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4242
State phone: (800) 642-3193
Email

Bernard Sanders (I-VT)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5141
State phone: (800) 339-9834
Email


Virginia

Tim Kaine (D-VA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-4024
State phone: (804) 771-2221
Email

Mark R. Warner (D-VA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2023
State phone: (703) 442-0670
Email


Washington

Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3441
State phone: (206) 220-6400
Email

Patty Murray (D-WA)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-2621
State phone: (206) 553-5545
Email


West Virginia

Joe Manchin III (D-WV)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3954
State phone: (304) 342-5855
Email

John D. Rockefeller IV (D-WV)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6472
State phone: (304) 347-5372
Email


Wisconsin

Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5653
State phone: (608) 264-5338
Email

Ron Johnson (R-WI)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-5323
State phone: (414) 276-7282
Email


Wyoming

John Barrasso (R-WY)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-6441
State phone: (307) 261-6413
Email

Michael B. Enzi (R-WY)
D.C. Phone: (202) 224-3424
State phone: (307) 682-6268
Email

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