– An algorithm is a set of instructions a preset, rigid, coded recipe that gets executed when it encounters a trigger.
– On the other hand, artificial intelligence (AI) which is an extremely broad term covering a myriad of AI specializations and subsets is a group of algorithms that can modify its algorithms and create new algorithms in response to learned inputs and data as opposed to relying solely on the inputs it was designed to recognize as triggers. This ability to change, adapt and grow based on new data, is described as intelligence.
• We should think of the relationship between Algorithm and AI as the relationship between cars and flying cars.
• The key difference is that an algorithm defines the process through which a decision is made, and AI uses training data to make such a decision.
– Define algorithms (any discreet logical step that creates a system).
– Explain machine learning (how a computer can teach itself).
– Investigate machine learning bias.
– How many times do you come into contact with AI without knowing it?
– Can AI predict early death risk? (Link is to a press release, but ask experts to weigh in on claims such as these.)
– Are people trying to take the human element out of decision-making by letting tech decide instead?
– Can AI assist policing in a way that's fair and effective?
– Are there any local law enforcement agencies already employing this type of AI tech?– Historical context: the ways police train to detect deception (the Reid method of interrogation) have been criticized for producing false confessions. Are these techniques being programmed into the ways AI assists policing?
– Facial recognition software matches faces to a database containing billions of images, all indexed from the internet including people's social media profiles.
– The software is used by private companies, law enforcement agencies and universities.
– Such use raises privacy violations and constitutional rights concerns.
• Do an open records request of your local and state enforcement agency. Are they using Clearview AI or similar software?
• Submit a FOIA request to investigate purchasing orders. What software tech are law enforcement agencies buying? (Are your tax dollars being used to spy on you?)
• Theres always one person who gets all the solicitation emails. Find out who, then ask for all the marketing emails. That information can lead to purchase asks, which can lead to requisition orders. If the law enforcement agency is using one type of software, they will get similar solicitations.
– Facebooks facial recognition software holds the largest facial dataset to datepowered by DeepFace, Facebooks deep-learning facial recognition system.
• Unlike Clearview AI, which gathers data found on the internet, Facebook used images its own users upload. Are your Facebook pictures being used to create a surveillance databased for law enforcement?
• Facebook agreed to pay $550 million last year to settle a class-action lawsuit over alleged violations of Illinois biometric privacy law. Does your home state have biometric privacy laws that protect the public? Should legislators pass such laws?
– Millions of faces are scanned without approval. Ask of local attorneys, lawmakers and public interest groups if your town or state needs to adopt rules.
– Police will say they dont use facial recognition, but is that true?
• LAPD used facial recognition software nearly 30,000 time since 2009 even while denying that it used the tech at all. Here, LAPD didnt have its own face-scanning platform but used the face-recognition software provided through the Los Angeles County Regional Identification System.