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Home > International Journalism > Reference Guide to the Geneva Conventions > Geneva Conventions of 1949 and 1977

Reference Guide to the Geneva Conventions
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and 1977

Geneva Conventions:
A Reference Guide

Welcome
About the Guide
Alphabetical Index
Introduction
History
Conventions Texts
     I | II | III | IV | PI | PII

Author's Note
Resources/Links
Contacts
Order a Copy

Image of original document of the first Geneva Convention from 1864 courtesy Kevin Quinn, Ohio, US; licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution license

There are four Geneva Conventions, signed August 12, 1949, and the two additional Protocols of June 8, 1977. These treaties are all fully indexed on this site.

In addition, there are many other international treaties which govern the conduct of war or establish human rights standards (see more treaties) which are not indexed here.

Convention I
For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Sets forth the protections for members of the armed forces who become wounded or sick. Full text

Convention II
For the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. Extends protections to wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of naval forces. Full text

Convention III
Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, Geneva. Lists the rights of prisoners of war. Full text

Convention IV
Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, Geneva. Deals with the protection of the civilian population in times of war. Full text

Protocol I
Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts. Extends protections to victims of wars against racist regimes and wars of self determination. Full text

Protocol II
Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Proection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts. Extends protections to victims of internal conflicts in which an armed opposition controls enough territory to enable them to carry out sustained military operations. Full text


More Treaties
A number of other treaties have been signed, covering such issues as human rights, the use of particular weapons, and genocide. They include:

Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948
Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict of 1954
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of 1965
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966
Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity of 1968.
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women of 1979
Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects. Geneva of 1980.
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment of 1984
Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989
— Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction of 1993
Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction of 1997

Copyright © 2003 Maria Trombly. All rights reserved.

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